Grand Union: This flag was authorized by the Second  Continental Congress in 1775 and featured the British Union Jack as well as a field of 13 red and white stripes representing the 13 colonies ... The symbolism apparently carried a double message -- loyalty to Great Britain but unity of the American colonies Table of Contents = Civilizations -- Cultures -- Areas -- Regions -- Prehistory / Excerpts / Other Archaeological Sites
The Neolithic of the Levant (503 Pages Type Written) or DIGITISED THESIS: PDF (1) (2) HTML (Volume 1) (Volume 2)

The History of the Ancient Near East

Electronic Compendium

ANCIENT ISRAEL IRAQ EGYPT TURKEY IRAN SYRIA
LEBANON JORDAN ARABIA CYPRUS AND BAHRAIN

(October 21st 2019) Todays Research Interest:

An article in Haaretz (Weekend Edition English) of the main insights presented in the paper
"The Architectural Bias in Current Biblical Archaeology" (Vetus Testamentum 69(3): 361-387)

http://ancientneareast.tripod.com/PDF/The_Architectural_Bias_in_Current_Biblic.pdf

The Invisible Biblical Kingdom in the Haaretz Weekend Edition
18 October 2019:6-7 in Acadamia.com

http://ancientneareast.tripod.com/PDF/The_Invisible_Biblical_Kingdom_Haaretz_W.pdf


"The Numbering of the Israelites" --- an engraving by Henri Félix Emmanuel Philippoteaux (1815–1884)

A Chance Discovery Changes Everything We Know About Biblical Israel

The discovery of a powerful nomad kingdom in Israel's Arava desert upends our notion of the
role of archaeology in understanding Ancient Israel

By Erez Ben-Yosef Oct 17 2019 in Haaretz Newspaper in Israel

When it comes to the nomads of the biblical period, new findings show that the ability of archaeology to assist in constructing historical models has been extremely limited. This has dramatic implications for understanding the genesis of Ancient Israel when -- according to the biblical account -- it was nomadic tribes that created a kingdom.

Until now the scholarly literature has perceived non-sedentary societies of this region -- peoples that did not live in permanent settlements -- as Bronze and Iron Age “Bedouin”: simple societies that were ever on the margins of historical events void of political power and which cannot be identified with kingdoms or political entities wielding extra-regional influence. New archaeological discoveries in the Arava desert in southern Israel and in Jordan however show that this approach is mistaken and that nomads were able to forge complex political structures that differed substantively from the conventional “Bedouin model”.

But the Arava case is exceptional in world archaeology. Nomads almost never leave behind significant archaeological evidence. It follows that many archaeological “pronouncements” concerning the period of the entry into Canaan, the era of Judges and the incipient monarchy have no sound grounds. Now, at least with regard to historical processes involving mobile populations, it is time to acknowledge the limitations of archaeology’s contribution. The focal point of the discussion should revert to biblical criticism -- the study of the text and its contexts -- and research biases originating in simplistic archaeological pronouncements should be corrected.


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Map of the Ancient Near East Before The Coining Of The Phrase -- From The National Geographic Magazine (1916)
Map of the Ancient Near East Before The Coining Of The Phrase
From The National Geographic Magazine (1916) --- 1542 x 1062

Table of Contents

Civilizations -- Cultures -- Areas -- Regions -- Prehistory

Culture: Egypt, Canaan and Israel in Ancient Times
The Coming of the Sea Peoples (Donald Redford)

Understanding the Sea Scrolls (Hershel Shanks)
Chapter 6: Essene Origins -- Palestine or Babylonia

Area or Region: PreHistoric Near East / Mesopotamia
Levant (Mashriq) / Anatolia / Lisan Lake

Mesopotamia: Jazirah - Jazireh - Yazirah / Sumer - Shinar
Akkad - Accad - Agade / Old Babylonia Empire / Assyria - Subartu
Neo-Babylonian Empire or Chaldea / Hurrian - Mitanni

Levant: Canaan or Palestine / Esdraelon / Dead Sea / Wadi Arabah
Hebrews / Samaria / Israelites / Philistines - Philistia / Phoenicia
Arameans / Bit-Adini / Nabateans / Ammonites / Edomites / Moabites

Zagros Mountains and Iran: Guti / Lullubi / Kassites
Parthia / Persia / Elam - Susiana / Media - Medes

Africa: Egyptian History / Egyptian Art and Civilization / Hyksos / Nubia

Anatolia (Turkey) [Asia Minor]: Hittites / Lycia / Phrygia / Lydia

Arabian Peninsula: Arabia / Amorites

TransCaucasus: Urartu - Ararat /Armenia / Kurdistan

CisCaucasus: Cimmerians / Scythians

Mediterranean Island: Cyprus

Persian Gulf Island: Bahrain Archipelago

Prehistoric and Cultural Type-Sites

PALEOLITHIC SITES

TABUN CAVE (ISRAEL) / JEBEL QAFZEH CAVE (ISRAEL) /
MUGHARET SKHUL CAVE (ISRAEL) / AMUD CAVE (ISRAEL) /
SHANIDAR CAVE (IRAQ) / MUGHARET WAD CAVE (ISRAEL) /
YABROUD (YABRUD) CAVE [SYRIA]

MESOLITHIC OR EPIPALEOLITHIC SITES
On the Difference Between These Two Terms Read
THE MESOLITHIC OF THE LEVANT

WADI NATUF (ISRAEL) / AIN MALLAHA (ISRAEL) /
ZAWI CHEMI SHANIDAR (IRAQ) / KARIM SHAHIR (IRAQ) /
KEBARA CAVE (ISRAEL) / JERICHO (ISRAEL) /
TELL ABU HUREYRA (SYRIA) / ZARZI CAVE (IRAQ)

NEOLITHIC AND CHALCOLITHIC TYPE-SITES

1. PPNB TAHUNIAN PERIOD (PALESTINE) [7TH MILLENNIUM BC]
2. JARMO (NORTHEASTERN IRAQ) [7TH MILLENNIUM BC]
3. CATAL HOYUK (ANATOLIA) [6700 - 5650 BC]
4. DABAGHIYAH CULTURE (NORTHERN IRAQ PLAIN)
5. HASSUNAN CULTURE (NORTHERN IRAQ) [5750 - 5050 BC]
6. YARMUKIAN CULTURE (ISRAEL/JORDAN) [5600 - 5000 BC]
7. HALAF CULTURE (NORTHERN IRAQ) [5500 - 4700 BC]
8. SAMARRAN CULTURE (NORTHERN IRAQ) [5500 - 4800 BC]
9. BADARIAN CULTURE (EGYPT) [5000 - 4000 BC]
10. ERIDU PERIOD (SUMER) [FIRST PHASE PROTO UBAID]
11. HAJJI MUHAMMED PERIOD (SECOND PHASE PROTO UBAID)
12. PRE-LITERATE UBAID CULTURE (MESOPOTAMIA)
13. TELEILAT GHASSUL CULTURE (URBANISM) [JORDAN]
14. AMRATIAN CULTURE (NAQADA I) [EGYPT] (4000 - 3500 BC)
15. TEPE GAWRA PERIOD (NORTH MESOPOTAMIA) [CONTEMPORARY URUK]
16. URUK (ARABIC WARKA) [BIBLICAL ERECH] (PROTO URBAN PERIOD)

17. GERZEAN CULTURE (NAQADAH II) [EGYPT] (3500 - 3100 BC)
18. JEMDET NASR PERIOD (SOUTHERN MESOPOTAMIA) [3100 - 2900 BC]

Major Historic Sites

1. JERUSALEM (JEBUSITE) [CANAANITE] (ISRAEL)
2. NINEVEH (ASSYRIA) [KUYUNJIK PALACE]
3. BABYLON (BABIL) [TOPONYM] (IRAQ)
4. PERSEPOLIS (TOPONYM PERSIA) [IRAN]
5. ALEPPO (TRADE CROSSROADS) [SYRIA]
6. LACHISH (SENNACHERIB) [ISRAEL]
7. THEBES (MODERN LUXOR) [AMON-RE] (EGYPT)
8. PETRA (NABATEAN CAPITAL) [JORDAN]
9. EBLA (TELL MARDIKH) [SYRIA]
10. MARI (TELL HARIRI) [MIDDLE EUPHRARTES] (SYRIA)
11. PALMYRA (TADMOR) [SYRIA]
12.ASHUR (QALAT SHARQAT) [TOPONYM ASSYRIA] (IRAQ)
13. SUSA (BIBLICAL SHUSHAN) [ELAMITE CAPITAL] (SW IRAN)
14. ALEXANDRIA (EGYPT) [PTOLEMIES] (BIBLIOTECA)
15. HATTUSAS (MODERN BOGAZKOY) [ANATOLIA] (TURKEY)

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Der Tempel von Edfu um 1865 -- Photographer: Zangaki (Universität Hamburg)
Der Tempel von Edfu um 1865 -- Photographer: Zangaki (Universität Hamburg)

Other Archaeological Sites

ISRAELI SITES

SITE 8/17 / AKKO (ACCO) [ACRE] / AELIA CAPITOLINA / AFEK [APHEK] (ANTIPATRIS) / AI (ET TELL) / AHWAT / TELL AJJUL / ANAFA / ARAD / ATLIT YAM / AVDAT / BANIAS (CAESAREA PHILIPPI) / BEERSHEBA / BEISAMUN / BETHEL / BETHSAIDA / BETH SHAN / BETH SHEMESH / CAESAREA MARITIMA / CAPERNAUM (KEFAR NAHUM) / MOUNT CARMEL / DAN (QADI) / DOR / DOTHAN / FARAH NORTH / GEDI / GEV / GEZER / GILGAL / ABU GOSH / GRAR / HALIF (KIBBUTZ LAHAV) / HALUTZA / HAR HARIF / HARASIM (NAHAL BARKAI) / HASEVA (HATZEVA) / EGLON (HASI) [HESI] / HAYONIM / HAZOR (QEDAH) / HEBRON / NAHAL HEMAR CAVE / IFSHAR (HEFER) / IRAQ BARUD / JAFFA (YAFO) [AVIV] / KFAR GILADI QUARRY / KHIAM / MAGDALA (MIGDAL) [MAJDAL] / MARESHA (GUVRIN) [ELEUTHEROPOLIS] / MASADA / MEGIDDO / MUNHATTA / MUQATIR / NABLUS (FLAVIA NEAPOLIS) / NASBEH / NATIV HAGDUD / NAZARETH / NAHAL OREN / NAHAL POLEG / WADI QUMRAN / WADI RABAH / RAKAFET / REHOV / ABU SALEM / SHAAR HAGOLAN / SHECHEM / SHIKHIN (ASOCHIS) / SHIQMIM / SILWAN (SHILOAH) [SILOAM] / TANAACH / TANTURA LAGOON / TELULIOT BATASHI / TIBERIAS / NAHAL TILLAH / TIMNA / YAQUSH / YAVNEH YAM / ZAYIT (ZEITAH) / ZIPPORI (SEPPHORIS)

PHILISTINE PENTAPOLIS

ASHDOD (AZOTUS) / ASHQELON (ASHKELON) /
EKRON (MIQNE) / GATH (SAFI) / GAZA

IRAQI SITES

ADAB (BISMAYAH) / AGRAB / RAS AMIYA / ARPACHIYAH / ARRAPHA (KIRKUK) / BORSIPPA (BIRS NIMRUD) / CALAH (NIMRUD) / DIYALA VALLEY / ERBIL (IRBIL) / ESHNUNNA (ASMAR) / HAFRIYAT / HATRA / Hīt / ISIN (BAHRIYAT) / KHABUR VALLEY / KHORSABAD (DUR SHARRUKIN) / KISH (UKHAIMIR) / DUR KURIGALZU (AQARQUF) / LAGASH (TELLOH) [GIRSU] (HIBA) / LARSA (SENKEREH) / MATARRAH / MOSUL (MAWSIL) / NIPPUR (NIFFER) [NUFFAR] / NUZI (YORGHAN TEPE) / SAWWAN / SHADUPPUM (HARMEL) / SHURUPPAK (FARA) / SIPPAR / TAYA / TUTUB (KHAFAJE) / UMMA (JOKHA) / UQAIR / UR (MAQAYYAR)

EGYPTIAN SITES

ABOUKIR (HERAKLEION) / ABUSIR / ABYDOS (ABDJOU) [THIS] / ADAIMA / AMARNA / ARMINNA / AVARIS (RAAMSES) [DABA] / ASWAN (SVENE) / ASYUT / BEHNASA (OXYRHYNCHUS) / CAIRO (QAHIRA) / DASHUR NORTH / EDFU (BEHDET) / FAIYUM DEPRESSION / ABU GHURAB / GIZA (JIZAH) / HAWARA / HELWAN (HULWAN) / HERR / HIERAKONPOLIS (NEKHEN) / IBRAHIM AWAD / MOUNT HAR KARKOM / KARNAK / KELLIS (ISMANT KHARAB) / MAHGAR DENDERA / DEIR MEDINA / MEDINET HABU / MEIDUM / MEMPHIS / MENDES / QUSEIR (QADIM) / SAQQARA / JEBEL SILSILA / ABU SIMBEL / SINAI PENINSULA / SIWA OASIS / SUEZ

TURKISH SITES

ALACA HOYUK / AMUQ VALLEY / ANKARA (ANGORA) / BAKLA TEPE / BAYBURT KELKIT PLAIN / BUYUK TEPE HOYUK / CARCHEMISH (JERABLUS) / CAYONU TEPESI / CHOMA (HACIMUSILAR) / DHAHAB / EDESSA (URFA) / GOLTEPE KESTEL PROJECT / GORDION (HASSI HOYUK) / HARAN (HARRAN) [CARRHAE] / KERKENES DAG (PTERIA) / KINET HOYUK / KULTEPE (KANESH) / KURDU / LIMAN TEPE / MERSIN / MYRA / NEMRUT DAG / NORTH EASTERN TURKEY / ORTAK?Y (SHAPINUWA) / PANAZ TEPE / PINARBASI / SAKCAGOZU / SAMSAT (SAMOSATA) / SARDIS (SART) / SMYRNA (IZMIR) / SOS HOYUK / TARSUS / TILBES HOYUK / TROY (HISARLIK) / TURLU

IRANIAN SITES

ANSHAN (ANZAN) [TEPE MALYAN] / BAKHTIARI REGION / TALL-E-BAKUN / TALL-I-BAKUN / BEHISTUN (BISITUN) / CHOGA MAMI / CHOGHA MISH / CHOGHA ZANBIL / DEH LURAN / ECBATANA (ACHMETHA) [HAMADAN] / FARS SURVEY / GODIN TEPE / HAJJI FIRUZ TEPE / TEPE ALI KOSH / KHUZESTAN PROVINCE

SYRIAN SITES

ABDUL AZIZ / MINA / AMRIT / ANTIOCH / ARVAD (ARWAD) / ASWAD (BALIKH VALLEY) / ASWAD (DAMASCUS BASIN) / ATCHANA (ALALAKH) / BARSIB (AHMAR) / BEYDAR / BOUQRAS / BRAK (NAGAR) [NAWAR] / CHAGAR BAZAR / CHUERA / DAMASCUS / DOUARA CAVE / DURA EUROPUS / EMAR / FAKHARIYAH / GHORAIFE / HABUBA KABIRA (QANNAS) / HAGOSHERIM / HAMAH (HAMATH) [EPIPHANIA] / AIN HASHOMER / HAURAN / HOMS (EMESA) / JANUDIYEH / JERF AJLA / JUDAIDAH / JUDAIDAH JABBUL / KABRI / KADESH / TELL KHAZZAMI / KHIRBET KUM / LABWEH / MASHNAQA / QALAT MUDIQ / MUGHARET ABDE / MUREYBAT / QARQUR / QAT / QATNA (MISHRIFEH) [KATNA] / RAMAD / RAMITHA (LAODICEA) / SABI ABYAD / SAIDNAYA / SHEIKH / SHEIKH ALI / SLENFE / SUKAS / SWEYHAT / TABBAT HAMMAM / TANNUR / TARTUS / TERQA (ASHARA) / TUNEINIR / TURMUS / UGARIT (RAS SHAMRA) / URKESH (MOZAN)

LEBANESE SITES

ACHZIB (ECDIPPA) / ARD TLAILI / ARSLAN / BAALBEK (HELIOPOLIS) / BEIRUT (BERYTUS) / BYBLOS / DBAYE / AIN EBEL / HASHBAI / KUBBAH / MUKTARA / NACCACHE / NACHARINI / NEBA'A (NEBAA) FAOUR / AIN NFAIKH / SAREPTA (SARAFAND) / SHAMSINE / SIDON (SAIDA) / SCIES - MEHDI - SAAIDEH / TRIPOLI / TYRE

JORDANIAN SITES

See Page On : The domestication of water: water management in the ancient world and its prehistoric origins in the Jordan Valley by Steven Mithen in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (2010)

ABILA - TEL ABIL - ABEL MAACHAH / AMMAN (RABBATH AMMON) / BEIDHA / BOSTRA (BOZRAH) [BUSRA] / DHIBAN (DIBON) / WADI DHOBAI / KHIRBAT FAYNAN / WADI FEINAN / AIN GHAZAL / GHWAIR I / WADI GHUWAYB / JEBEL HAMRAT FIDAN / WADI HAMMEH / HISBAN / HUMEIMA / JERASH (JARASH) / ARBILA (BETH ARBEL) [MODERN IRBID] / KHIRBET ISKANDER / KARAK (KERAK) / ABU KHARAZ / KHIRBET KERAK (BETH YERAH) / MACHAEROUS / MADABA / MADABA PLAIN / BIR MADHKUR / BEIT MIRSIM / KHIRBAT NAHAS / MOUNT NEBO / NIMRIN / PELLA (TABAQAT FAHL) / PUNON / WADI RAMM / RASAS / RUJM TABA / SAHEM / TELL ABU SUWWAN /TELL ABU SUWWAN / WADI THAMAD (KHIRBET MUDAYNA) / UMAYRI (ABEL KERAMIM) / WF16 / WADI YABIS / YA'AMUN / WADI ZIQLAB

BAHRAIN ARCHIPELAGO: DILMUN -- TELMUN -- TYLOS

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The island of Philae, not far from Aswan, with its great monumental complexes dedicated to the cult of Isis was considered to be one of the most sacred sites of Ancient Egypt. This evocative illustration is taken from Views of the Nile by Owen Jones (1843) -- Plate: The Discovery of the Nile -- Gianni Guadalupi -- Chartwell Books -- ISBN: 0-7858-1527-9

The Neolithic of the Levant (1978)
A.M.T. Moore (Oxford University)

Thesis Submitted for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy

HTML (Volume 1) (Volume 2) or DIGITISED THESIS: PDF (1) (2)

This doctoral thesis is an excellent textbook on the Prehistoric Near East especially since much of the history that we know of the area up to and including the Neolithic occurred in the Levant. I think you will find also that the time frame of this book agrees with current sources .....

Levant Map ..... Abstract ..... Introduction: Page 1

Introduction: Page 2 ..... Introduction: Page 3 ..... Introduction: Page 4 ..... Introduction: Page 5

CHAPTER 1: ABSTRACT / ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS / INTRODUCTION

THE ENVIRONMENT OF THE LEVANT IN THE
LATE PLEISTOCENE AND EARLY HOLOCENE

LATE PLEISTOCENE / SUMMARY

EARLY HOLOCENE / SUMMARY

CHAPTER 2: THE MESOLITHIC OF THE LEVANT

MESOLITHIC 1 / SETTLEMENT PATTERNS / ECONOMY AND SOCIETY

MESOLITHIC 2 / SETTLEMENT PATTERNS / ECONOMY AND SOCIETY

CHAPTER 3: NEOLITHIC 1 / DISTRIBUTION OF SITES / ECONOMY / DISCUSSION

JERICHO / NAHAL OREN / MUGHARET WAD / RAKAFET / KHIAM /
GILGAL / POLEG / BEIDHA / HAR HARIF / NACHARINI /
MUREYBAT / ASWAD / SAIDNAYA

CHAPTER 4: NEOLITHIC 2 / MIDDLE EUPHRATES: MUREYBAT / ABU
HUREYRA
/ BOUQRAS / ASWAD (BALIKH) / FAKHARIYAH /
ABDUL AZIZ / KUM / PALMYRA REGION

WEST SYRIA: ASWAD / RAMAD / GHORAIFE / LABWEH / SCIES
MEHDI SAAIDEH
/ NACHARINI / MUGHARET ABDE /
HAURAN / UGARIT / SLENFE

PALESTINE: JERICHO / NAHAL OREN / KHIAM / MUNHATTA

MOUNT CARMEL: IRAQ BARUD / MEGIDDO / JORDAN VALLEY:
BEISAMUN / KFAR GILADI / SHEIKH ALI / TELEILAT GHASSUL /
JUDEAN HILLS: TELL FARAH (NORTH) / ABU GOSH

NEGEV AND SINAI / TRANSJORDAN PLATEAU:
WADI DHOBAI / BEIDHA

RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN PALESTINIAN AND WEST
SYRIAN AND MIDDLE EUPHRATES SITES IN NEOLITHIC 2

PRINCIPAL CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NEOLITHIC 2 SETTLEMENTS
DISTRIBUTION OF SITES / ECONOMY: MIDDLE EUPHRATES SITES
WEST SYRIAN SITES / PALESTINIAN SITES / DISCUSSION

CHAPTER 5: NEOLITHIC 3 / MIDDLE EUPHRATES

NORTH SYRIA: RAS SHAMRA / TELL SUKAS / HAMA / HOMS /
QALAT MUDIQ / JANUDIYEH / TELL JUDAIDAH / TELL SHEIKH /
MERSIN / SAKCAGOZU / TELL TURLU / JUDAIDAH JABBUL

SOUTH SYRIA: LEBANESE COAST: BYBLOS / KUBBAH / TABBAT HAMMAM /
BEKAA VALLEY: TELL LABWEH / NEBA'A (NEBAA) FAOUR / TELL SHAMSINE /
TELL HASHBAI / BEISAMUN / TANNUR / QAT / AIN HASHOMER /
KFAR GILADI / HAGOSHERIM / TELL TURMUS / KABRI /
DAMASCUS BASIN: TELL RAMAD

PALESTINE / SOUTH PALESTINE / NORTH PALESTINE

PRINCIPAL CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NEOLITHIC 3 SETTLEMENTS
TIMESPAN OF NEOLITHIC 3 / DISTRIBUTION OF SITES /
ECONOMY / DISCUSSION

CHAPTER 6: NEOLITHIC 4 / SOUTH SYRIA: LEBANESE COAST: BYBLOS /
DBAYE / NACCACHE / TELL ARSLAN / MUKTARA / OTHER
LEBANESE COAST SURFACE STATIONS CONTEMPORARY
NEOLITHIQUE MOYEN BYBLOS
/ LEBANESE COAST HEAVY
NEOLITHIC (CAMPIGNIAN) SITES

BEKAA VALLEY: TELL ARD TLAILI / TELL AIN NFAIKH / REMAINING
BEKAA SITES CONTEMPORARY NEOLITHIQUE MOYEN BYBLOS
/
BEKAA HEAVY NEOLITHIC (CAMPIGNIAN) SITES / KARAOUN /
OTHER HEAVY NEOLITHIC SITES BEKAA

DAMASCUS BASIN: TELL KHAZZAMI / TELL RAMAD

PALESTINE: SOUTH PALESTINE: JERICHO / OTHER SOUTH PALESTINIAN SITES
NORTH PALESTINE: MUNHATTA / SHEIKH ALI / WEST PALESTINE: WADI
RABAH
/ TELULIOT BATASHI / BASHAN STREET (TEL AVIV) /
SITE 8/17 / HAZOREA

OTHER WEST PALESTINE SITES / NORTHERN PALESTINE
HEAVY NEOLITHIC SITES
/ SUPPLEMENTARY PALESTINIAN
NEOLITHIC 3 AND 4 SITES

DISTRIBUTION OF NEOLITHIC 4 SITES / ECONOMY /
COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION AND TRADE

CHAPTER 7: CONCLUSION (BOOK SUMMARY)

.
Jerusalem Mission or Statement of Purpose: In as much as I am an individual and not affiliated with any educational group or organization I wish to convey my appreciation to all those entities involved in the publication of the wealth of material on the ever more studied and increasingly popular subject of the Ancient Near East. At times the immensity of the effort necessary to achieve my goal of a concise and yet comprehensive collection of abstracts (compendium) as a portal to further studies has made me consider ceasing my labour of love on the subject. But each time I have felt compelled to return to my endeavours, realizing at last that this is a work of a lifetime and that no one could with any hope possibly read in totality the staggering amount of material on the subject. Admittedly I am the author of original material only to the extent of my reading and consolidating articles into what I consider most relevant to a beginning or intermediate comprehension of the subject; and of course the additions derived from my own studies (addendums) ...

Author:
Title:
Keyword:
Mark Alan McDonald / Bookmark