Other Archaeological Sites / The Neolithic of the Levant (500 Page Book Online)
The Advent of the Era of Townships in Northern Mesopotamia
Excerpts and Definitions and Addendums:
GEOGRAPHY: THE (*A)PIEDMONT REGION[Northern Mesopotamia - Zagros Mountains]
This is a region of low rolling hills (*B)intercalated between Jazirah and the foothills region. Its altitude varies from 750 feet above sea level. The region, which was the heartland of Ancient Assyria, is described as "natural grassland". Its annual rainfall ranges from 12 to 20 inches, and it is said to be sufficient ---- albeit slightly precarious ---- to yield winter (but not summer) crops without irrigation. The Tigris and the Euphrates flow in relatively straight courses here and several major tributaries of the Tigris join the main river.
As regards land use in the piedmont, it should be noted that, since the rainfall is not always reliable and does not permit the cultivation of crops in summer, therefore irrigation in the summer by means of canals or hydraulic machines is indispensable ...
*A Piedmont: lying or formed at the base of mountains