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Ancient Abydos (Abdjou) [This]

The Blatchford Collection)
Abydos (fašade du temple de Seti I) by Felix Bonfils

VOYAGE EN EGYPTE FEVRIER 2002 -- ABYDOS

Abydos lies in the eighth nome of Upper Egypt about 300 miles south of Cairo on the western side of the Nile and about 9.5 miles from the river. It spreads over 5 square miles and contains archaeological remains from all periods of ancient Egyptian history. It was significant in historical times as the main cult center of Osiris -- the lord of the netherworld -- since the Middle Kingdom (2030 BC). Abydos was an important necropolis since the early Naqada Period with (1)elite burials since Naqada II C/D and (2)tombs of the kings of Dynasty 0-2. It had become the Mecca of Pharaonic Egypt ...

NOTE: Naqada III is often referred to as Dynasty 0 or Protodynastic Period to reflect the presence of kings at the head of influential states although the kings involved would not have been a part of a dynasty. They would more probably have been completely unrelated and very possibly in competition with each other ...

Modern visitors to the beautifully decorated temples at Abydos reenact the pilgrimage to this sacred place once made by many ancient Egyptians to fulfill their religious obligations in much the same way that Jerusalem has attracted worshipers of many faiths for the past two millennia. For more than 3,000 years Abydos was revered as a holy center where pharaohs and commoners participated in festivals and processions in honor of the gods, especially Osiris, ruler of the Egyptian underworld. Those who could afford it memorialized their visit to Abydos, building a permanent monument in stone or brick to house a carved stone stela depicting themselves and their families. This was their way of ensuring permanent participation in the sacred rituals of the town (*) ...

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium