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Rujm Hamra Ifdan (WFD 77a)

Updated August 26th 2019

Archaeology in Jordan, 2004 Season by Stephen Savage -- Kurt Zamora and Donald Keller
in the American Journal of Archaeology (2005) Pages 527-555

Excavations at Rujm Hamra Ifdan

As a step toward understanding the "Edomite" ceramic assemblage in the lowlands, the 2004 field season performed a small sounding at Rujm Hamra Ifdan (RHI). Nelson Gleuck originally identified this site as an Edomite Iron Age watchtower during his 1935 survey in Wadi Fidan; it was labeled WFD 77 in the JHF regional survey. The 2004 excavations at RHI concentrated on sampling the site from a rock shelter situated below Glueck's watchtower remains to the base of the site, which includes a well-defined terrace rich in architecture and Iron Age material culture. The presence of a wide range of ceramic types representative of the highland sites such as ring base platters painted with patterned concentric bands of white, black and red paint, Busayrah painted ware bowls, medium-fine carinated deep bowls and other types, points to the importance of comparing the RHI assemblage retrieved in solid stratigraphic contexts found with associated charcoal samples suitable for radiocarbon dating (currently being processed) with the Khirbet en-Nahas assemblage and those from the highlands. The new RHI data will help to explain the development of Iron Age metal production in the Faynan district, the organization of production and the relationship between the highland and lowland of ancient Edom.

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