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Ancient Amman (Rabbath Ammon)

City and capital of Jordan on the Jabbok River 48 miles ENE of Jerusalem. Occupied since prehistoric times it was the capital of the Ammonites from the 13th to the 6th centuries BC. During this time it was engaged in a struggle with the Israelites that ended when King David captured the city circa 1010 BC. It was later captured by Ptolemy Philadelphus of Egypt who rebuilt the city between 285 and 246 BC. In 63 BC it became a city of the Decapolis ... (AHSFC)

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium