Other Archaeological Sites / The Neolithic of the Levant (500 Page Book Online)
Ancient Arrapha Kingdom (Modern Kirkuk)
Kirkuk is located in northern Iraq about 250 kilometres north of the capital of Baghdad near the foot of the Zagros Mountains in Kurdistan. The city was built by the Hasa River on an area with archaeologic remains over 5000 years old. Under its ancient name of Arrapha the city reached great prominence in the 10th and 11th centuries BC under Assyrian rule. The population of the city is of mixed Kurdish -- Turkmen -- Arab stock. The oldest part of the town is clustered around a citadel built on an ancient tell or mound ...