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Herakleion (Bay of Aboukir)

Detail map of northern Egypt showing location of the sunken cities Menouthis and Herakleion (University of California at Santa Cruz)

The cartographic (map making) record of the seabed in the Bay of Aboukir and the new archaeological finds and antique texts make it possible to identify the sunken structures as the city of Herakleion with its temple of Heracles-Khonsu.

Heracleion once stood at the mouth of a branch of the Nile that has since disappeared in the sea. Before Alexandria was founded in the year 331 BC the city was the port of entry to Egypt and an important customs post ...

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium