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Ancient Sidon (Saida)


Situated on the coast of Lebanon south of Beirut Sidon was an important trading centre for Mediterranean trade from the Early or Middle Bronze Age and with Tyre one of the two most important Phoenician centres. It was partially destroyed by the Assyrians in 676 BC but grew to importance again in the Achaemenid Period. Although it was under Persian rule the population was autonomous producing its own coinage; the Persian shekel with a picture of a trirerne on the reverse. Because the site underlies the modern town little excavation has taken place. However a number of burials of various dates from the 10th to the 11th century BC have been found both in and around the city ...

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium