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Chapter 5: Neolithic 3 Qat (Page 351)

Pre-History and Archaeology Glossary

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Qat is situated on the right bank of the Wadi Ayun. No pottery was found here but flint tools were plentiful. Two double-ended cores were collected but the others were prismatic or pyramidal. Most of the arrowheads were tanged and pressure-flaked and a few of these were like Amuq [Valley] points. The sickle blades were usually segmented and denticulated as at Tannur.

129 axes were found at Qat which constituted about half the retouched tools found at the site; they formed the same proportion of the assemblage here as at Tannur. Almond-shaped and oval axes were the most common types at Qat as at Tannur. The others were rectangular, trapezoidal and triangular in shape. Some of the axes had polished cutting edges. Among the other heavy flaked tools were picks and chisel-like tools. One scrap of obsidian was collected here and also several basalt grinding tools.

The assemblage from Qat is so similar to most of the material from Tannur that the sites were probably occupied at the same time by groups engaged in similar activities. There are fewer definite Neolithic 2 artifacts at Qat so the site may first have been occupied a little later than Tannur and then continued to be inhabited in the earlier part of Neolithic 3 ...

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