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ProofRead and Updated June 13th 2019

Egypt, Canaan and Israel in Ancient Times
Donald Redford -- Princeton University (1992)

Winner of the 1993 Best Scholarly Book in Archaeology
Award of the Biblical Archaeological Society

Excerpts and Definitions and Addendums:

... As for Palestine one can cite the Egyptian alabastra found at Et Tell sixteen kilometers north of Jerusalem. Here on a magnificent rocky eminence some unknown Early Bronze Age chieftain founded a capital centered upon a citadel with stone-built plastered walls and columned courts. Great casemate walls of Cyclopean masonry surrounded the whole, transforming the site into an impregnable fortress. The familiarity in the use of stone that the builders evince is perfectly in keeping with Ai's relative proximity to Egypt but the presence of Egyptian vessels suggests much more. Could it be that the local chieftain of the city controlled much of the south central highlands and could be counted on as one of those on the waters of Pharaoh ...

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium