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Neolithic Abu Gosh

Selected Excerpt on Neolithic Abu Gosh

The Neolithic of the Levant (1978)
A.M.T. Moore (Oxford University)

Chapter 4: Neolithic 2 Abu Gosh (Page 234-237)

Abu Gosh

Ancient DNA Evidence for the Transition from Wild
to Domestic Status in Neolithic Goats: A Case Study from
the Site of Abu-Gosh in Israel by G. Kahila Bar-Gal et al

Abu Gosh is a Neolithic site located 12 kilometres west of Jerusalem in Israel. The archaeological remains revealed the presence of two occupations; the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (9500 - 8000 BP) Period and the Pottery Neolithic (7500 - 5500 BP) Period ...

The fauna from the PPNB levels is characterized by wild fauna including goat remains. The quantity of the goats remains in the assemblage and their morphology suggests that they represent an early phase of domestication. In contrast the faunal remains from the PN levels are predominantly those of domestic animals - primarily goat (Capra hircus). The findings show that at Abu Gosh Capra hircus was established by the PN period and that the genetic changes which accompanied the shift from wild to domestic goats occurred within a relatively short period of time (>1000 years) .....


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