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Ancient Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel -- Photo From The 1905-6 University of Chicago Egyptian Expedition -- The Temple of Ramesses II

Abu Simbel is a set of two temples near the border of Egypt with Sudan in ancient Nubia. It was constructed for the Pharaoh Ramesses II who reigned for 67 years during the 19th Dynasty (Circa 1279-1213 BC) ... The temple was cut out of the sandstone cliffs above the Nile River in an area near the Second Cataract. When the High Dam was being constructed in the early 1960's international cooperation assembled funds and technical expertise to move this temple to higher ground so that it would not be inundated by the waters of Lake Nasser ...

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium