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Ancient Bayburt Plain

Bayburt Castle and Coruh River

The Bayburt Plain lies in the southern foothills of the Pontic Mountain range at a crossroads of the routes from Trans-Caucasia and Iran westward into Anatolia. The survey was carried out by extensive field walking along the river valleys with occasional brief and random excursions to the higher slopes. More than one hundred sites were found in the course of the survey. The oldest -- Tepetarla -- dates to the Middle Paleolithic circa 40000 BC. The Late Chalcolithic Period is represented by the lithic assemblage of Gundulak Tepe. The Early Trans-Caucasian Culture is the most widely represented in this region dating between the late 4th and late 3rd millennia ...

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium