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Mugharet Skhul Cave

Skhul Cave (1931) -- the man is thought to be Theodor McCown who directed the excavations at this site

An upper Pleistocene cave site located in Israel where Neandertal like hominids have been found; these specimens seem to represent a gradient between Neandertals and modern Homo sapiens with many believing that it represents a grade between archaic and modern Homo sapiens ...

The Skhul Cave (Cave of the Kids)

Numerous human burials dated to approximately the same time were found in this cave. Fourteen skeletons were uncovered including three complete ones; they were defined as an archaic type of Homo sapiens closely related to modern humans in physical appearance. It is believed that this human, with delicate facial features, a protruding chin and straight forehead, was fully developed around 100,000 years ago. The finds from these graves also show evidence of cult and rituals related to death and the spiritual realm.

The finds in the cave are of major importance to anthropological prehistoric research of the development of the human species. The theory that Homo sapiens did not develop from Neanderthal man but that both lived contemporaneously is becoming increasingly accepted: Neanderthal man became extinct while Homo sapiens developed into the modern human race ...

SOURCE: Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium