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Ancient Samosata (Modern Samsat)

BACKGROUND: The entire historic city of modern day Samsat
(ancient Samosata) was drowned behind the Ataturk Dam ...

Village in Adiyaman Province in southeastern Turkey on the upper Euphrates River. In antiquity Samosata was a fortified city guarding an important crossing point of the river on the east-west trade route; as such it enjoyed considerable commercial and strategic importance. It is probably of Hittite origin but the city was incorporated into the Assyrian Empire in 708 BC. Later it came under the Hellenistic Kingdom of Commagene and served as its capital until it was surrendered to Rome in AD 72 ...

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium