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Ancient Yabroud (Yabrud)

The original article on the subject of this site was
Die Hohlenfunde von Jabrud Syrien by Alfred Rust (1950) ...

Selected Excerpt on Yabroud

The Mousterian Industries of Yabroud Shelter I: A Reconsideration
by Rose Solecki and Ralph Solecki

Yabroud is located 75 kilometres north of Damascus. It is the site of the Iskafta Cave, one of the most ancient prehistoric caves; Yabroud Temple, once a pagan temple and later a cathedral; and Deir Marmusa Habashi, famous for its frescos and various archaeological inscriptions ...

Studies of the sediments of some cave sites in the Levant have shown that these were deposited under the prevailing cooler climate of the last glaciation. This is most apparent at the inland sites of Jerf Ajla and Yabrud which were affected by continental conditions. It is also believed that the top five metres of deposit at Yabrud I --- which includes the Mousterian layers --- was laid down under cooler conditions ... (The Neolithic of the Levant)

... The Yabrudian variant of the Near Eastern Mousterian was characterized by double and triple canted side-scrapers, side-scrapers with blades converging to the top, small retouched flakes, denticulates and notched tools and low frequencies of hand-axes ...


(1) Analysis of Sediments of Jerf Ajla and Yabrud Rockshelter
P Goldberg Etudes sur le Quaternaire dans le Monde
(1969) Volume 2 Pages 747-754

(2) Geology, Climate, and Chronology of Yabrud Rockshelter I
Les Annales archéologiques de Syrie (1965)
W.R. Farrand : Volume XV (Pages 35-50)

Pre-History and Archaeology Glossary

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium