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Chapter 4: Neolithic 2 Kfar Giladi (Pages 232-233)

Pre-History and Archaeology Glossary

Excerpts and Definitions and Addendums

The Kfar Giladi quarry site is a surface station in the extreme northwest corner of the Upper Jordan Valley. No structures have been found here but a basalt bowl -- basalt grinding tools and a diagnostic assemblage of flint tools have been collected from the surface.

Most of the flint tools were made on blades struck off double-ended pyramidal or prismatic cores. 40 arrowheads of several types were picked up. 11 were tanged and one of these was winged. Some were pressure-flaked but most were finished by abrupt retouch. The remaining 29 arrowheads were leaf-shaped and partly pressure-flaked. These arrowheads are similar to those found at Munhatta.

Most of the sickle blades had finally-denticulated or nibbled cutting edges. A few were segmented and four of these were made on broad blades as much as 2.5 centimetres wide; segmented sickle blades similar to these were found at Tell Ramad in Level I (See Page 280 in *1).

Among the other flint tools were eigbt burins and seven flaked axes. The latter were almond-shaped -- triangular or rectangular in outline. There was also a chisel and a pick. These heavy tools are like some from Beisamun.

These tools are sufficiently similar to those from Munhatta to indicate that the site was occupied quite late in Neolithic 2. The almond-shaped and rectangular axes are types that began to be used late in Neolithic 2 but were more common in this area during the next stage .....

*1 Tell Ramad: a Village of Syria of the 7th and 6th Millennium
Henry de Contenson in Archaeology Volume 24:278-285 (1971)
Library of Congress # GN 700 A725

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