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PreHistoric Ein Gev

Selected Excerpts on Ein Gev

(1) The Neolithic of the Near East
James Mellaart (1975)
GN 776.33 N4 M44

Pre-History and Archaeology Glossary

Excerpts and Definitions and Addendums:

It is perhaps not surprising that at Ein Gev (I-III) on the eastern shore of Lake Tiberias (Sea of Galilee) there is evidence for a late Kebaran Culture site with round huts partly sunk into the ground - plenty of grinding slabs and a large mortar of the type that becomes typical in the Natufian Culture. Blades with silica sheen were also found as well as the skeleton of a young woman of gracile build buried below the hut floor. The equipment suggests the preparation of plant food. On typological grounds - never very convincing at such an early date - this site was placed at the very end of the Kebaran but a recent radiocarbon date (GRN-5576) places it at 13750 +/- 415 BC ...

(2) The Neolithic of the Levant (1978)
A.M.T. Moore (Oxford University)

Chapter 2: Mesolithic 1 Economy and Society (Pages 44 - 54)

The sequence of sites at Ein Gev illustrates the transition from Mesolithic 1 to Mesolithic 2 as it took place in one favoured settlement location. Sites I and II here have been classified as Kebaran and therefore quite early in the Mesolithic 1 sequence - site III as Geometric Kebaran A which is thought to have been a little later and site IV as Geometric Kebaran A2 or B; this last phase may be regarded as transitional or even a variant of Mesolithic 2 ...

Preliminary information from Ein Gev I indicates that gazelle comprised 43% of the bones of the main food animals - deer (fallow - red and roe together) 36% and ovicaprines 15.5%. There were also some cattle bones (4.5%) and a little pig (1%) while a number of other species - including birds - were represented in small quantities. Many of these species were also found in Ein Gev II and III ...

At the close of the Pleistocene the Lisan Lake shrank and eventually the Sea of Galilee was formed from it as a freshwater lake. Fish gradually established themselves and by the time Ein Gev IV was founded on its shore man was able to catch them for food. It is possible that some Mesolithic communities depended to a much greater extent upon marine resources but their sites will have disappeared as the sea level rose at the end of the Pleistocene ...

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium