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Ancient Hatra of the Parthian Empire in Iraq

Hatra is a large fortified city in the barren desert area in northwest Iraq between Mosul and Samarra . Hatra was under the influence of the Parthian Empire and then capital of the first Arab Kingdom. The Hatra era lasted from about 400 BC to AD 300 and was at its height during the first century AD. Although the earliest phases of its history remain unknown it can perhaps be considered the most important extant monument to the ancient Mesopotamian cultures. It was a major staging-post on the famous oriental silk road and its prosperity was based on the international caravan traffic. The remains of the city especially the temples where Hellenistic and Roman architecture blend with Eastern decorative features attest to the greatness of its civilization ...

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium