Grand Union: This flag was authorized by the Second  Continental Congress in 1775 and featured the British Union Jack as well as a field of 13 red and white stripes representing the 13 colonies ... The symbolism apparently carried a double message -- loyalty to Great Britain but unity of the American colonies Table of Contents = Civilizations -- Cultures -- Areas -- Regions -- Prehistory / Excerpts / Other Archaeological Sites
The Neolithic of the Levant (503 Pages Type Written) or DIGITISED THESIS: PDF (1) (2) HTML (Volume 1) (Volume 2)

The History of the Ancient Near East

Electronic Compendium

ANCIENT ISRAEL IRAQ EGYPT TURKEY IRAN SYRIA
LEBANON JORDAN ARABIA CYPRUS AND BAHRAIN

January 13th 2021


Photographer Felix Bonfils (French 1831-1885) about 1866-1867

Working on the Philae Island Page ...

Thu, Apr 6, 1820 – 3 · The Exeter Flying Post (England) · Newspapers.com

Twitter Feed to a page from this website ...

THE SUEZ CANAL The first attempt at a canal to unite the Mediterranean with the Red Sea dates from King Seti I fourteen hundred years before our era. Starting from the Nile near BUBASTIS (at present Zagazig) the canal followed the land of Goschen as far as the Bitter Lakes. Some three hundred and twenty-six years before our era Necho took up the subject, having conceived the project of a canal of ten metres depth, and sufficiently wide to allow two triremes to pass each other abreast. These works appear to have cost the lives of 120,000 men and were never completed. But their track is indicated beyond Lake Timash in the direction of the Pelusium branch of the Nile. Herodotus speaks of canals by which commerce was carried on with the interior of Egypt from the ports of the sea. With the assistance of the canals of the Nile, traversing the isthmus, the Egyptians had established an indirect communication between the two seas, which sufficed for their limited navigation. The Romans and the Arabs (the conquerors of Egypt) established and improved the works of the Pharaohs, adapting them to their commerce until they were destroyed by the cailiff Almanzor ...

Tue, Jan 3, 1871 – Page 6 · The Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) · Newspapers.com

Todays Reading from ...

A Handbook for Travellers in Syria and Palestine
Josias Leslie Porter and John Murray (Publisher) 1858

New Evidence from Egypt on the Location of the Exodus Sea Crossing: Part I
Written by Gary Byers in ASSOCIATES FOR BIBLICAL RESEARCH (19 August 2008)

For millennia man has desired to impact the Suez Isthmus region but with minimal success. Ancient Egyptian texts and modern geological surveys have identified ancient canal lines cut between the marshy lakes of antiquity, called the Eastern Frontier Canal by their discoverers (Hoffmeier 2005: 42). Long before the Suez Canal both native and foreign rulers cut canals through the Isthmus for a variety of reasons. Ancient documents mention canal construction by Pharaohs Sesostris I or III (12th Dynasty) -- Necho II (610-595 BC) and the Persian king Darius (522-486 BC) as well as Ptolemy II (282-246 BC) (Hoffmeier 1997: 165, 169).

Jerusalem Mission or Statement of Purpose: In as much as I am an individual and not affiliated with any educational group or organization I wish to convey my appreciation to all those entities involved in the publication of the wealth of material on the ever more studied and increasingly popular subject of the Ancient Near East. At times the immensity of the effort necessary to achieve my goal of a concise and yet comprehensive collection of abstracts (compendium) as a portal to further studies has made me consider ceasing my labour of love on the subject. But each time I have felt compelled to return to my endeavours, realizing at last that this is a work of a lifetime and that no one could with any hope possibly read in totality the staggering amount of material on the subject. Admittedly I am the author of original material only to the extent of my reading and consolidating articles into what I consider most relevant to a beginning or intermediate comprehension of the subject; and of course the additions derived from my own studies (addendums) ...

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Mark Alan McDonald / Bookmark

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