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Neolithic Qalat Jarmo

Iraqi Kurdistan Near Chemchemal

Aerial View of Qalat Jarmo

Original Article: Jarmo: A Village of Early Farmers
Robert Braidwood in Antiquity Volume 24:189 (1950)
Library of Congress # CC 1 A7

Excavations at Jarmo

Iraq’s most important Neolithic site and the earliest agricultural community in West Asia. The inhabitants of Jarmo lived in square multi-roomed houses build of pressed mud with mud-ovens and baked-in clay basins sunk in the ground. They ate with bone spoons -- sewed with bone needles and their stone spindle-whorls show that they could weave or plait flax and perhaps wool.

Pre-ceramic Jarmo was first dated by radiocarbon tests on snail shells at about 4750 BC but further tests on charcoal gave higher figure and circa 6750 BC is a more likely date...

See also The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago's Publications

"Prehistoric Investigations in Iraqi Kurdistan" (1960) PDF

"Prehistoric Archaeology Along the Zagros Flanks" (1983) PDF

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium