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Ancient Nekhen (Hierakonpolis)

Explore the City of the Hawk
Hierakonpolis Expedition Online

Hierakonpolis is best known as the home of the exquisite ceremonial Palette of Narmer, the first political document in history and attributed to the first king of the first dynasty at about 3000 BC.

Well before the construction of the pyramids, Hierakonpolis was one of the largest urban centers along the Nile -- a vibrant bustling city containing many of the features that would later come to typify Dynastic Egyptian civilization. Stretching for over 3 miles along the edge of the Nile flood plain, already by 3500 BC it was a city of many neighborhoods and quarters.

Over a century of archaeological research continuing with the present Hierakonpolis Expedition has confirmed this vast site's central role in the transition from prehistory to history of the rise of early Egyptian civilization ...

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium