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Wadi Arabah (Rift Valley) ..... SEE ALSO: Wadi Feinan -- Rujm Taba -- Bir Madhkur

Wadi Fenan on the East Side of Wadi Araba Was a Source of Copper -- Perhaps Used Intermitently from the Chalocolithic Period (4500-3200 BC) Until the Roman Times

Wadi Arabah begins at the southern end of the Dead Sea and extends southward for 112 miles to the Gulf of Aqabah. Along the length of the center of Wadi Araba runs the boundary between the modern states of Israel and Jordan. It is an arid depression from six to twelve miles wide -- in reality a continuation of the Great Rift Valley. This section has been known from ancient Biblical times as the Arabah. Beginning at 1292 feet below sea level the valley gradually ascends as it goes southward for 67 miles to a watershed which rises 660 feet above sea level. From here it quickly descends until 45 miles further southward it reaches the Gulf of Aqabah at Ezion Geber. Surface explorations along with minor digs carried on by Doctor Nelson Glueck revealed a number of ruined villages and many copper and silver mines from which ore was dug in the time of Solomon (900-1000 B.C.) and during the time of the Nabateans (300 BC to AD 100) ...

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium