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Civilizations -- Cultures -- Areas -- Regions -- Prehistory

Culture: Egypt, Canaan and Israel in Ancient Times
The Coming of the Sea Peoples (Donald Redford)

Understanding the Dead Sea Scrolls (Hershel Shanks)
Chapter 6: Essene Origins -- Palestine or Babylonia

Area or Region: PreHistoric Near East / Mesopotamia /
Levant (Mashriq) / Anatolia / Lisan Lake

Mesopotamia: Jazirah - Jazireh - Yazirah / Sumer - Shinar
Akkad - Accad - Agade / Old Babylonia Empire / Assyria - Subartu
Neo-Babylonian Empire or Chaldea / Hurrian - Mitanni

Levant: Canaan or Palestine / Esdraelon / Dead Sea / Wadi Arabah
Hebrews / Samaria / Israelites / Philistines - Philistia / Phoenicia
Arameans / Bit-Adini / Nabateans / Ammonites / Edomites / Moabites

Zagros Mountains and Iran: Guti / Lullubi / Kassites
Parthia / Persia / Elam - Susiana / Media - Medes

Africa: Egyptian History / Egyptian Art and Civilization / Hyksos / Nubia

Anatolia (Turkey) [Asia Minor]: Hittites / Lycia / Phrygia / Lydia

Arabian Peninsula: Arabia / Amorites

TransCaucasus: Urartu -- Ararat /Armenia / Kurdistan

CisCaucasus: Cimmerians / Scythians

Mediterranean Island: Cyprus

Persian Gulf Island: Bahrain Archipelago

Prehistoric and Cultural Type-Sites

PALEOLITHIC SITES

TABUN CAVE (ISRAEL) / JEBEL QAFZEH CAVE (ISRAEL) /
MUGHARET SKHUL CAVE (ISRAEL) / AMUD CAVE (ISRAEL) /
SHANIDAR CAVE (IRAQ) / MUGHARET WAD CAVE (ISRAEL) /
YABROUD (YABRUD) CAVE [SYRIA]

MESOLITHIC OR EPIPALEOLITHIC SITES
On the Difference Between These Two Terms Read
THE MESOLITHIC OF THE LEVANT

WADI NATUF (ISRAEL) / AIN MALLAHA (ISRAEL) /
ZAWI CHEMI SHANIDAR (IRAQ) / KARIM SHAHIR (IRAQ) /
KEBARA CAVE (ISRAEL) / JERICHO (ISRAEL) /
TELL ABU HUREYRA (SYRIA) / ZARZI CAVE (IRAQ)

NEOLITHIC AND CHALCOLITHIC TYPE-SITES

1. PPNB TAHUNIAN PERIOD (PALESTINE) [7TH MILLENNIUM BC]
2. JARMO (NORTHEASTERN IRAQ) [7TH MILLENNIUM BC]
3. CATAL HOYUK (ANATOLIA) [6700 - 5650 BC]
4. DABAGHIYAH CULTURE (NORTHERN IRAQ PLAIN)
5. HASSUNAN CULTURE (NORTHERN IRAQ) [5750 - 5050 BC]
6. YARMUKIAN CULTURE (ISRAEL/JORDAN) [5600 - 5000 BC]
7. HALAF CULTURE (NORTHERN IRAQ) [5500 - 4700 BC]
8. SAMARRAN CULTURE (NORTHERN IRAQ) [5500 - 4800 BC]
9. BADARIAN CULTURE (EGYPT) [5000 - 4000 BC]
10. ERIDU PERIOD (SUMER) [FIRST PHASE PROTO UBAID]
11. HAJJI MUHAMMED PERIOD (SECOND PHASE PROTO UBAID)
12. PRE-LITERATE UBAID CULTURE (MESOPOTAMIA)
13. TELEILAT GHASSUL CULTURE (URBANISM) [JORDAN]
14. AMRATIAN CULTURE (NAQADA I) [EGYPT] (4000 - 3500 BC)
15. TEPE GAWRA PERIOD (NORTH MESOPOTAMIA) [CONTEMPORARY URUK]
16. URUK (ARABIC WARKA) [BIBLICAL ERECH] (PROTO URBAN PERIOD)
17. GERZEAN CULTURE (NAQADAH II) [EGYPT] (3500 - 3100 BC)
18. JEMDET NASR PERIOD (SOUTHERN MESOPOTAMIA) [3100 - 2900 BC]

Major Historic Sites

1. JERUSALEM (JEBUSITE) [CANAANITE] (ISRAEL)
2. NINEVEH (ASSYRIA) [KUYUNJIK PALACE]
3. BABYLON (BABIL) [TOPONYM] (IRAQ)
4. PERSEPOLIS (TOPONYM PERSIA) [IRAN]
5. ALEPPO (TRADE CROSSROADS) [SYRIA]
6. LACHISH (SENNACHERIB) [ISRAEL]
7. THEBES (MODERN LUXOR) [AMON-RE] (EGYPT)
8. PETRA (NABATEAN CAPITAL) [JORDAN]
9. EBLA (TELL MARDIKH) [SYRIA]
10. MARI (TELL HARIRI) [MIDDLE EUPHRARTES] (SYRIA)
11. PALMYRA (TADMOR) [SYRIA]
12.ASHUR (QALAT SHARQAT) [TOPONYM ASSYRIA] (IRAQ)
13. SUSA (BIBLICAL SHUSHAN) [ELAMITE CAPITAL] (SW IRAN)
14. ALEXANDRIA (EGYPT) [PTOLEMIES] (BIBLIOTECA)
15. HATTUSAS (MODERN BOGAZKOY) [ANATOLIA] (TURKEY)

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium